The NHS is experiencing a massive amount of technological change. In all areas of healthcare, pharmaceutical, diagnostic, therapeutic and informatics technologies are being developed that have potential to improve the efficiency and the effectiveness of the NHS.

Indeed, actual improvement of NHS services is dependent on the extent to which new technologies can be adopted successfully. It is the case, however, that adoption of this new technology will inevitably lead to the need for organisational change, re-design of NHS processes and the re-definition of staff roles but unfortunately technologies are not neutral black boxes that work irrespective of the social context into which they are introduced. There has to be a fit between the social context and the technology. The people in an organisation must not only accept the technology but also be willing to change their own patterns of working.